Keynote and Invited Speakers

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Speaker Biographies and Presentations

KM AbrahamKM Abraham
Northeastern University, USA

Striving toward an ultrahigh energy density Li-air battery

In the pursuit to develop a practical rechargeable Li/air battery, we have studied the mechanisms of O2 reduction and evolution reactions (ORR and OER), and the nature of the products formed, in a series of organic electrolytes and ionic liquids. The distinct ORR products formed in these disparate electrolyte solutions can be explained using a general theory based on the Hard Soft Acid Base (HSAB) concept. We have found that the electron donor property of the solvent modulates Li+ acidity in organic electrolytes, through the formation of complexes (or solvates) of the formula Li(solvent)n+ where, n = 2-4, and these solvates in turn influence the mechanisms and products of both catalyzed and uncatalyzed ORR in Li-air batteries. A cobalt phthalocyanine-derived catalyst has enabled the full reduction of O2 to Li2O in selected solvents, and provided improved rechargeability for Li-air cells.

KM Abraham is Professor at the Center for Renewable Energy Technology (NUCRET), Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, and the principal of E-KEM Sciences, a battery consulting company in Needham, Massachusetts. He was previously President of Covalent Associates, Inc., Woburn, Massachusetts, and Senior Scientist, Group Leader, Vice President and Director of Battery Research and Development at EIC Laboratories, Inc., Norwood, Massachusetts.KM has over 35 years of experience in lithium battery research and development with emphasis on rechargeable Lithium and Li-ion batteries. He, along with his colleagues at EIC Laboratories in Norwood, Massachusetts, has made many pioneering contributions to advance primary and secondary lithium batteries. These include the early demonstration of practical rechargeable lithium batteries with long cycle life, the development of highly conductive gel polymer electrolytes and those supported on micro-porous polymer membranes that form the basis of commercial lithium-ion polymer batteries, introduction of the concept of redox shuttle reagents for overcharge protection of rechargeable Li and Li-ion batteries, initial studies on the rechargeable Li-polysulfide batteries, the invention of the ultrahigh energy density non-aqueous lithium-air battery. Other contributions include studies of the key role of micro porous polymer separators on the performance and safety of Li-ion batteries, research leading to improved understanding of the chemistry and safety of commercially available primary Li batteries, and the development of moderate temperature rechargeable Na batteries with sodium polysulfide cathodes in organic electrolytes, intercalation cathodes in organic electrolytes, and metal sulfide cathodes in molten NaAlCl4. KM’s knowledge and experience in Li-ion batteries extends beyond the fundamental science to engineering and applications. The company, Modular Energy Devices, RI, he co-founded to manufacture large format lithium-ion batteries for telecom power back applications was acquired by EnerSys, the largest lead-acid battery manufacturer in the world.

KM has published 200 papers in journals, meeting proceeding volumes and book chapters, and authored 15 US patents. He received many awards for his work including the Battery Research Award of the Electrochemical Society (1995), The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Group Achievement Award for the Rechargeable Battery Team (1995), Two NASA Certificates of Merit for invention (1983 and 1997), and election as Fellow of the Electrochemical Society and Fellow of The Royal Society of Chemistry. He served as the Chair of the Battery Division and on the Board of Directors of the Electrochemical Society from 2006 to 2008. Website,

Michel ArmandMichel Armand
CIC Energigune, Spain

Polymers, still solid after 30 years

A polymer electrolyte represents the ideal component for batteries, with easy processing in thin films (≠ glassy or crystalline inorganic solids) and safety. Polymers are up to now the only viable electrolytes to operate in contact with metallic lithium. Most of the research in the past 30 years has focused on various architectures of solvating matrices including the –CH2CH2O– units. The drawbacks are the Tg ( 60°C) control of the conductivity, requiring a +60° C upwards operation and a voltage stability window limited to 3.9 V, making LiFePO4 the quasi only contender as cathode. These systems have reached commercialization with > 1 MWh produced to power electric cars.

The salient recent progress is, again with a variety of architectures, the immobilization of the negative charges from the dissolved salts, resulting in TLi+ transport of unity. The absence of concentration polarization allows now decreasing the operation temperature and an unexpected bonus is the extension by ˜ 300 mV of the stability window. Discussion will include the further improvements expected in conductivity, with possible decoupling from Tg and oxidation-resistant matrices.

Michel Armand, born in France (1946), was educated in France and USA. He has a Masters in inorganic, organic chemistry and physical chemistry (Paris 1968); Ph.D. in Physics (1978); Fullbright Fellow in 1970-2. He has been Directeur de Recherche at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) since 1989, and an invited scientist at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (1982-83), Professor at University of Montreal (Canada) (1995-2004), and resumed as Directeur de Recherche at CNRS in Amiens (France). He is now sharing his time between CNRS in France and CIC Energigune in Spain.

Michel Armand has covered during his career several theoretical concepts and practical application in the field of energy-related electrochemistry: electrode materials, inorganic or organic and he ushered the concept of intercalation compounds (1972) and of the sulfur/sulfide redox couple; introduction of the polymer electrolytes for battery application (1978), followed by the introduction of new families highly conductive salts (perfluoroimides like TFSI and FSI or Hückel-stabilized negative charges) for liquid and polymer electrolytes. More recently, the use of such anions has resulted in significant advances in the field of ionic liquids. Michel Armand has discovered the process of “nanopainting” thin carbon layers into the surface of insulating electrode materials and LiFePO4@C has become the safest, greenest cathode material, produced world-wide; organic electrode materials like polyquinones and the discovery of electroactivity a low voltage in aromatic dicarboxylates. New solvating polymers to which soft perfluoroimides anions are tethered, with Li+/Na+-only conductivity. Michel Armand has authored or co-authored 346 publications; 230 presentations at conferences all invited, 167 patents delivered or pending. He has been or is the Ph.D. advisor for 25 students.

Dr. Armand is acting or has acted as Editorial Board for several journals (Solid-State Ionics, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Synthetic Metals, J. Power Sources,) and Conferences advisory committee and organisation for 38 international conferences. The Scientific Distinctions and Awards received include Bronze then silver Medals from C.N.R.S. (1978, 1989); Royal Society, Faraday Division, Medal Award (1985); Preis fur Umweltteknologie Saarland Länder (1988); Battery Division Award, The Electrochemical Society USA (1988); Pergamon Medal, International Society for Electrochemistry (1995); Volta Award ECS European Section (2000), first recipient; Doctor Honoris Causa from Uppsala University (2006); Galileo Award for polymer electrolytes research (2010).

Doron AurbachDoron Aurbach
Bar Ilan University, Israel

The frontier of Li ion battery technology and the horizon beyond it

Doron Aurbach will describe the frontier today for Li ion battery technology. What are the best, most promising cathode and anode materials that has a real practical future? Which electrolyte systems have a reasonable electrochemical window? How far we can extend the energy density of Li ion batteries beyond the available standard systems? Systems beyond Li ions batteries will be reviewed as well, based on recent work at BIU. Options to develop rechargeable sulfur batteries with extended cycle life will be discussed as well. The main obstacles on the way to rechargeable Li-oxygen systems will be described. Finally, the up-to-date status of rechargeable magnesium batteries will be reviewed based on the latest work.

Doron Aurbach is a full professor in the department of Chemistry, leading the electrochemistry group (40 people) and a senate member at Bar Ilan University (BIU), Ramat-Gan, Israel. He chaired the department of chemistry during 2001-2005. Aurbach and his team study the electrochemistry of active metals, non-aqueous electrochemical systems, develop spectroscopic methods (in situ and ex situ) for sensitive electrochemical systems, study electrochemical intercalation processes, electrochemical water desalination and develop rechargeable high energy density batteries and EDL capacitors. The group published so far more than 430 peer reviewed papers. D. Aurbach serves as an associate editor in 3 electrochemistry journals: EES, JES (journals of the Electrochemical Society) and J. Solid State Electrochemistry (Springer). He is a fellow of the ECS, ISE and MRS. He is the head of INREP: Israel national research center for electrochemical propulsion (15 research groups from 4 Israeli academic institutions) and the chairman of the Israeli national authority for labs accreditation. He received a number of awards and prizes: the technology and research awards of the ECS battery division (2005 2013, respectively), Research excellence prizes of the Israel vacuum society and the Israel chemical society (2007, 2012 respectively), Landau prize for green chemistry (2011) and Kolthoff prize for excellent researcher in chemistry (2013).

Peter BrucePeter Bruce
St. Andrews University, UK

The Aprotic Lithium-air battery

Li-ion and related battery technologies will be important for years to come. However, society needs energy storage that exceeds the capacity of Li-ion batteries. We must explore alternatives to Li-ion if we are to have any hope of meeting the long-term needs for energy storage. One such alternative is the Li-air(O2) battery; its theoretical specific energy exceeds that of Li-ion, but many hurdles face its realization. Recent results on electrolyte and cathode stability will be discussed, with a particular focus on the instability of the ubiquitous carbon cathode. By understanding these instabilities, it has been possible to demonstration that when using TiC as the positive electrode, sustained reversible Li2O2 formation/decomposition can be achieved, essential if the Li-O2 battery is ever to succeed.

Peter G. Bruce, FRS, FRSE, FRSC, is Wolfson Professor of Materials at the University of Oxford. His research interests embrace materials chemistry and electrochemistry, especially lithium and sodium batteries. Recent efforts have focused on the synthesis and understanding of nanomaterials for lithium-ion batteries, including nanowire/nanotube intercalation anodes and mesoporous cathodes, the challenges of the lithium-air battery and the influence of order on the ionic conductivity of polymer electrolytes. His research has been recognized by a number of awards and fellowships, including from the Royal Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the German Chemical Society and The Electrochemical Society. He was elected to the Royal Society (UK Academy of Sciences) in 2007 and the Royal Society of Edinburgh (Scottish Academy of Sciences) in 1994.

Laurence Croguennec Laurence Croguennec

Fluorophosphates as high energy density positive electrodes for Li and Na batteries

This lecture will focus on new polyanionic materials developed for Li and Na-ion batteries. Dr. Croguennec will show that the vanadium-rich compounds are of particular interest as V can be stabilized at different oxidation states in similar environments, leading to the possibility to tailor the composition, and thus the potential and phase diagram in a given system.

Laurence Croguennec is a CNRS researcher at the Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée in Bordeaux (ICMCB), France and has been working for more than 15 years on the crystal chemistry of electrode materials developed for Li (Na)-ion batteries and especially in the characterization of mechanisms involved upon cycling, in particular for layered oxide and phosphate-type positive electrode materials. She graduated (PhD) in 1996 from Nantes University at the Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, France and spent one year as a Post-Doc at the Bonn University, Germany. She became CNRS researcher at ICMCB in 1997 and group leader of the battery group in 2004; she is the co-author of approximately 90 publications in the field.

Yi Cui Yi Cui
Stanford University, USA

Nanomaterials design for next generation of energy storage

Applications of energy storage in transportation and grid scale call for next generation of batteries with high energy, high power, long cycle life, good safety and low cost. The development of nanotechnology in the past two decades has generated great capability of controlling materials at the nanometer scale and has enabled exciting opportunities to design materials with desirable chemical and physical properties. In this talk, Dr. Cui will show how we design rationally nanostructured materials for next generation of batteries. Examples include high capacity silicon anodes and sulfur cathodes, aqueious open framework electrodes and lithium-polysulfide semiflow batteries for grid storage. Novel concepts of self-healing and smart batteries with better safety will also be discussed.

Yi Cui received a Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry in 1998 at the University of Science and Technology of China, Ph.D. in Chemistry in 2002 at Harvard University. He was Miller Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. In 2005 he became an Assistant Professor in Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. In 2010 he was promoted to an Associate Professor with tenure and named as David Filo and Jerry Yang Faculty Scholar. His current research is on nanomaterials design for energy, environment and biology, and the exploration of 2D nanomaterials and 3D scaffolds. He has published more than 220 papers. Among them, he has published 5 papers in Science, 25 in Nature and Nature Sister Journals and 8 in PNAS. He is among the most cited materials scientists in the world (Google Scholar Search, Total citations: ~38000 times, ~170 times per paper, H-index 71). His top 20 publications have been cited on the average of >1200 times per paper.

Yi Cui is an Associate Editor of Nano Letters. He is a co-director of the Bay Area Photovoltaics Consortium, which is funded with $25M by the US Department of Energy. He has founded Amprius Inc., a company to commercialize the high-energy battery technology. He has received the IUPAC Distinguished Award for Novel Materials and Synthesis (2013). Scientist in Residence of University of Duisburg-Essen (2013), Next Power Visiting Chair Professorship (National Tsinghua University, 2013), the Wilson Prize (2011), the David Filo and Jerry Yang Faculty Scholar (2010), the Sloan Research Fellowship (2010), the Global Climate and Energy Project Distinguished Lecturer (2009), KAUST Investigator Award (2008), ONR Young Investigator Award (2008), MDV Innovators Award (2007), Terman Fellowship (2005), the Technology Review World Top Young Innovator Award (2004), Miller Research Fellowship (2003), Distinguished Graduate Student Award in Nanotechnology (Foresight Institute, 2002), Gold Medal of Graduate Student Award (Material Research Society, 2001).

Jeff Dahn Jeff Dahn
Dalhousie University, Canada

Lithium-ion cells operating to 4.7V: possibility or nonsense

In his lecture Dr. Dahn will identify the numerous challenges facing high voltage Li-ion cells and will discuss ways to overcome these challenges. A number of new methods to study the potential dependence of parasitic reactions in Li-ion cells will be discussed.

Jeff Dahn was born in Bridgeport, Conn. in 1957 and emigrated with his family to Nova Scotia, Canada in 1970. He obtained his B.Sc. in Physics from Dalhousie University (1978) and his Ph.D. from the University of British Columbia in 1982. Dahn then worked at the National Research Council of Canada (82-85) and at Moli Energy Limited (85-90) before taking up a faculty position in the Physics Department at Simon Fraser University in 1990. He returned to Dalhousie University in 1996. At Moli, he did pioneering work on lithium-ion batteries.

Jeff Dahn has always interacted strongly with industry. During his years at Simon Fraser University (90-96) he collaborated strongly with the R+D team at NEC/Moli Energy Canada (Now E-One/Moli Energy Canada). The success of this collaboration led, in part, to the appointment of Dr. Dahn as the NSERC/3M Canada Industrial Research Chair in Materials for Advanced Batteries at Dalhousie University in 1996. Dahn now interacts strongly with 3M's programs in battery materials and respirator carbons. Jeff Dahn is the author of over 540 refereed journal papers and 58 inventions with patents issued or filed. Jeff has received numerous National and International awards including: The Medal for Innovation in Physics (Canadian Association of Physicists - 1987); W. Lash Miller Award (Canadian Section of the Electrochemical Society - 1993); Simon Fraser University Excellence in Teaching Award (1994); International Battery Materials Association (IBA) Research Award (1995); Herzberg Medal, Canadian Association of Physicists (awarded to a physicist under 40 years old for career achievement - 1996); Battery Division Research Award (The Electrochemical Society - 1996); British Columbia Science Council Gold Medal for “Solutions through Research” (1996); Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (2001); Appointed a Canada Research Chair in Materials for Batteries and Fuel Cells (2003); NSERC University/Industry Synergy Award for collaborative efforts with 3M Canada (2003); Dalhousie University Faculty of Science Excellence in Teaching Award (2004); The Electrochemical Award [Canadian Section of the Electrochemical Society - awarded once every 4 years for career achievement] (2006); Medal for Excellence in Teaching (2009) from the Canadian Assoc. of Physicists; Rio-Tinto Alcan Award from the Canadian Institute of Chemistry (2010) and the "Technology Award” from the ECS Battery Division in 2011.

Andreas Fischer Andreas Fischer
BASF, Germany

BASF’s holistic approach on battery materials innovation

The lecture deals with BASF’s approach to develop optimized lithium ion battery materials with focus on cathode materials and electrolytes based on a holistic view on the materials and their interaction in the system.

Andreas Fischer joined BASF in 1997, after finishing his PhD thesis on the technology of membrane fuel cells at the University of Darmstadt. Initially he conducted work as laboratory and project manager in the area of R&D Intermediates. Later he obtained global responsibility as Product Manager Inorganic Specialties. In 2006 he took over responsibility for BASF’s Research activities in the field of Electrochemistry. Since 2012 Andreas Fischer, as Vice President, is in charge of BASF’s global Battery Materials and Electrochemistry R&D affairs with presence in North America, Europe and Asia. Dr. Fischer is an appointed member of the ProcessNet working group “Electrochemical Processes”. Since 2007 he is a Board member of the expert group “Applied Electrochemistry” of the German Chemical Society (GDCh) and since 2011 he serves as Deputy chairman of the board of the expert group. He is a member of the board of trustees of the DECHEMA Research Institute.

Maria Forsyth Maria Forsyth
Deakin University, Australia

New aspects of ionic liquid based electrolytes for battery applications

One of Dr. Forsyth’s key interests is in the area of selective transport in materials for energy storage applications. Specifically, her work has focused on understanding the phenomenon of charge transport at metal/electrolyte interfaces as well as dynamics and structure within novel electrolyte materials and how that influences device performance. Such materials have included a range of novel ionic liquids, polymer electrolytes and plastic crystals. In this lecture she will discuss an ion transport and speciation in a number of novel ionic liquid based electrolytes for lithium devices and correlate this with electrochemical performance.

Maria Forsyth is an Australian Laureate Fellow, an Alfred Deakin Professorial Fellow at Deakin University in Australia as well as the associate director in the ARC Centre of Excellence in Electromaterials Science (ACES) where she leads a the research effort in metal-air batteries. One key interest is in the area of selective transport in materials for energy storage applications. Her research area informs the broad field of electromaterials science with application to both corrosion and energy related technologies. Specifically, her work has focused on understanding the phenomenon of charge transport at metal/electrolyte interfaces and within novel electrolyte materials. Such materials have included a range of novel ionic liquids, polymer electrolytes and plastic crystals. NMR techniques have featured strongly in Professor Forsyth’s research where she has applied pulsed field gradient NMR to measure diffusion of ionic species in electrolytes, variable temperature solid state wide line NMR and MAS to investigate structure and dynamics in solids and, most recently, NMR imaging of electrochemical processes. She leads collaborative projects in lithium and sodium battery technologies funded through recent Australian Research Council grants. Professor Forsyth is a co-author of over 340 journal publications. She has delivered more than 20 invited and plenary talks in the past 5 years and currently has more than 10000 citations.

Juergen Garche Jüergen Garche
FCBAT, Germany

Battery safety considerations during storage, transportation and disposal

Battery safety is a hot topic during the whole life cyclus of the battery not only during the application. The lecture addresses safety relevant processes during storage and transportation and the differentiation between failed batteries by normal capacity reduction (< 80% capacity) and by malfunction.

Jürgen Garche graduated in Chemistry in 1967. He received his PhD in 1970 and in 1982 he achieved the “Habilitation” both at the TU Dresden. He was lecturer at the TU Dresden and was named professor of Electrochemistry at Ulm University in 1993. His scientific interest is related to applied electrochemistry (batteries - Pb-PbO2, Ni-MH and Li-batteries, fuel cells - PEMFC and DMFC, supercaps, corrosion, environmental electrochemistry, photo electrochemistry). His scientific career started at TU Dresden as senior researcher (1970 - 1990), and then he worked at the ZSW in Ulm (since 1993 as director) till 2004. From 2005 he is CEO of Fuel Cell and Battery Consulting Ulm. He published 318 scientific papers and has been awarded 10 patents in the field of batteries and fuel cells. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia Electrochemical Power Sources. He is editorial board member of four battery and FC related scientific journals.

Clare Grey Clare Grey
Cambridge University, UK

NMR and diffraction studies of electrode reactions—the effect of structure, rate and electrode formulations on reaction mechanisms

Dr. Grey’s current research interests include the use of solid state NMR and diffraction-based methods to investigate structure and dynamics in materials for energy storage and conversion and in environmental chemistry.

Dr. Grey’s current research interests include the use of solid state NMR and diffraction-based methods to investigate structure and dynamics in materials for energy storage and conversion and in environmental chemistry.

Clare Grey is the Geoffrey Moorhouse-Gibson Professor of Chemistry at Cambridge University. She received a BA and D. Phil. (1991) in Chemistry from the University of Oxford. She joined the faculty at Stony Brook University (SBU) as an Assistant (1994), Associate (1997) and then Full Professor (2001). Since moving to Cambridge in 2009, she maintains a part-time position at SBU, where she is the Associate Director of the DOE funded Northeastern Chemical Energy Storage Center. Recent honors and awards include the 2011 Royal Society Kavli Lecture and Medal, Fellow of the Royal Society (2011), an Honorary PhD Degree from the University of Orleans (2012), the Gunther Laukien Award from the Experimental NMR Conference (2013) and the Research Award from the IBA (2013). Her current research interests include the use of solid state NMR and diffraction-based methods to investigate structure and dynamics in materials for energy storage and conversion and in environmental chemistry. Her talk entitled “NMR and diffraction studies of electrode reactions - the effect of structure, rate and electrode formulations on reaction mechanisms” will focus on her recent studies to develop and apply new metrologies to study electrode reactions in situ, i.e., during the operation of a battery.

Yu-Guo Guo Yu-Guo Guo
Institute Chemistry, CAS, China

Li-S batteries and beyond systems: electrochemistry and materials design

There is no doubt that the pursuit of advanced energy storage devices with higher energy densities is critical for powering our future society. Among the best candidates for next-generation high-energy-storage systems, alkali metal-chalcogen batteries, including Li-S, Li-Se, and Na-S systems hold high theoretical energy densities, making them especially attractive. Here, we report the recent progress in this field starting from Li-S batteries. We discuss the electrochemistry of Li-S batteries with different sulfur allotropies, the recent advances in S cathodes, Li anodes, electrolytes, as well as the new designs of Li-S pouch cells (5~10 Ah). Secondly, we report advanced selenium-carbon cathodes for rechargeable Li-Se batteries, as well as the selenium molecules evolution upon cycling. Finally, through employing the confined chain-like sulfur molecules as the active cathode component for room-temperature Na-S batteries, a novel mechanism is proposed and verified for the batteries’ electrochemistry, which bringing a tripled specific capacity and an increased specific energy compared to traditional high-temperature Na-S batteries.

Yu-Guo Guo is a Professor of Chemistry at ICCAS. He received his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from ICCAS in 2004. He worked at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research at Stuttgart (Germany) first as a Guest Scientist and then a Staff Scientist from 2004 to 2007. He joined ICCAS as a full professor in 2007. He served as a WCU (World Class University) professor at Chonnam National University, S. Korea from 2009 to 2013.

His research focuses on energy storage with batteries, including Li-ion and Li-S batteries. He has published more than 120 scientific papers in peer-reviewed SCI journals, including Nat. Mater., Acc. Chem. Res., JACS, Angew. Chem., Adv. Mater. and Energy Environ. Sci. These papers have been cited more than 5600 times by other researchers, and he currently has an H-factor of 37. He has filed 8 PCT patents and 36 China patents in the field of energy materials and batteries, in which more than 10 patents have been granted and one patent has been transferred to a company.

He serves as an Editorial Board Member of ChemElectroChem, and ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. He also serves as a committee member of the Chinese Society of Electrochemistry, the Chinese Society for Solid State Ionics, and the Chinese Materials Research Society. He is also a coordinator in the research field of electrochemical cells for the Chinese Society of Electrochemistry.

He has received several awards including the Distinguished Young Chemist Award 2013 in Physical Chemistry of the Federation of Asian Chemical Societies (FACS), the IUPAC Prof. Jiang Novel Materials Youth Prize (2013), the “Distinguished Young Scholars of National Natural Science Foundation of China” (2012), the “National Geographic Emerging Explorers” (2012), the MIT “Technology Review’s TR35 Award” (2011), the “Chinese Society of Electrochemical Prize for Young Scientists” (2011), the “Gold Medal of SCOPUS Seeking Future Star of Science Award” (2009), and the “Chinese Chemical Society Prize for Young Scientists” (2008).

Jusef Hassoun Jusef Hassoun
University Sapienza, Italy

Advances in Li/S batteries

Recent progresses of the lithium sulfur battery in terms of stability, energy density and efficiency triggered increasing interest of the scientific community and of the industrial companies interested in the electric vehicle development. It is, in fact, expected that soon this battery may become the “high-energy” system of choice for EVs application and for storage in renewable-energy plants. Here, we report the past the present and the future attempts aimed to improve the lithium-sulfur battery and to promote it as the next generation energy storage system.

Jusef Hassoun is presently Assistant Research Scientist at the Chemistry Department of the University of Rome Sapienza. After graduating in Chemistry in 2001, he worked in an industrial company for 3 years before returning to academy to obtain the PhD degree in Material Science in the field of advanced lithium ion batteries in 2009. In the course of the last four years he has been visiting researcher at the Hanyang University in Seoul, South Korea, and supervised the activity regarding the new generation energy storage systems, such as lithium sulfur and lithium air batteries. Jusef Hassoun has been co-author of more than 70 papers in international journals in the field of material science, electrochemistry and energy storage systems that allowed his h-index to rise up to 24.

David Howell David Howell

U.S. DOE electric drive vehicle battery R&D progress update

The energy storage R&D effort includes a range of activities, from exploratory materials research spearheaded by the national laboratories and universities to battery cell and pack development involving automakers, battery manufacturers, and material suppliers. This paper will provide summaries of key technical accomplishments resulting from the Department’s collaborative research, and will provide updates to the electric drive vehicle market in the United States and the progress of the battery and materials manufacturing facilities funded by the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act).

David Howell is the Hybrid Electric Systems Program Manager for the Vehicle Technologies Program at the U.S. Department of Energy Headquarters in Washington DC. He is responsible for managing the Department’s R&D portfolio of projects related to electric drive vehicle batteries, drive components, and vehicle systems analysis and testing. Dave is also the Department’s Technology Development Manager for the Electric Drive Vehicle Battery Manufacturing Initiative grants awarded through the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act and serves as the Department’s representative to the United States Advanced Battery Consortium Management Committee.

Dave has over 28 years of experience planning and successfully executing complex, multi-disciplined research & development activities that includes hybrid and electric vehicle R&D, advanced battery research and manufacturing, advanced structural materials research and processing, and advanced lubricants & precision mechanisms. Prior to joining DOE in 2003, Dave was a member of the research staff of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee for 12 years. At ORNL, he served as Project Manager for Aerospace Technologies for the Engineering Technology Division. Dave also served on active duty for 6 years at Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio and was assigned as the Program Manager for Advanced Materials for Space Structures at the Air Force Materials Laboratory. Dave received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering in 1985 from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville.

Hideki Iba Hideki Iba
Toyota Motor Corporation, Japan

(Speaking with Chihiro Yada)

Innovative batteries for sustainable mobility

The rapid economic growth, the ever-increasing populations and the increase in the number of vehicles have accelerated the consumption of fossil fuels in the world; automobile industries are now expected to tackle with reduction of CO2 emissions by developing vehicles driven by sustainable energy sources such as hybrid vehicles (HVs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHVs), electric vehicles (EVs) and fuel-cell hybrid vehicles (FCHVs). Since Toyota Motor Corporation introduced the first-generation Prius in 1997, we have sold more than 3 million HVs with 17 models all over the world, reducing CO2 emissions by 14 million tons (as of May 2010). And now, we are going to develop next-generation vehicles with more energy efficiency. In the presentation, we will report our recent effort on developing innovative batteries for the sustainable mobility.

Hideki Iba is currently a general manager of Battery Research Division in Toyota Motor Corporation. Dr. Iba developed light metallic materials for automobile application during 1987 and 1993, and then developed new hydrogen storage alloys at National Chemical Laboratory for Industry. Dr. Iba received his Ph.D. in Engineering in 1997 from Tohoku University in Japan. Later, he was a member of R&D management Division to plan advanced research projects in Toyota Technical Center and to coordinate relationship between industry, government, and academia. He established Battery Research Division in Toyota Motor Corporation in 2008 and has been leading battery research activities in Toyota.

Nobuyuki Imanishi Nobuyuki Imanishi
Mie University, Japan

Protected Lithium Electrodes for Aqueous Lithium-Air Rechargeable Batteries

Energy storage is one of the challenges for our society due to global economic development and population increase. Researchers are making progress on a battery that has the potential to one day replace lithium-ion technology. Lithium-air batteries attract attention for their high theoretical energy density, and Imanishi’s group has seen the potential of the aqueous version of the battery. The requirement is to develop a protected lithium electrode, which can perform a lithium stripping/deposition with a long lifespan in an aqueous electrolyte. Power output and dendrite forming remain a big hurdle, and the talk will focus on the materials development to overcome these issues.

Nobuyuki Imanishi is a professor in the Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, at Mie University, Japan. He studied industrial electrochemistry from 1986 to1990 and received his PhD from Kyoto University. He started his research professionally at 1990 at Mie University and after a 22-year career as an assistant and associate professor, he was promoted to the present position. Prof. Imanishi focuses on functional materials and electrochemistry, especially energy conversion and storage materials, for instance, electrode materials for lithium batteries and fuel cells, and solid-state electrolytes for those batteries. His recent research interests include two main topics: polymer lithium ion batteries and lithium-air batteries. His research has been recognized by awards including the ECS Japan Sano Award (The Electrochemical Society of Japan), and the Award for Young Battery Researchers (The Committee of Battery Technology, The Electrochemical Society of Japan). Prof. Imanishi is currently a leader of one of the teams for metal-air battery in next-generation rechargeable batteries under JST’s national project, the Advanced Low Carbon Technology Research and Development Program (ALCA).

Kisiuk Kang Kisiuk Kang
SNU, Korea

Progress in redox composite cathode for lithium rechargeable batteries

Only a small number of Li-containing cathode material groups have been considered for practical use in Li-ion battery systems. The constraints for cathode material design such as open anion framework and Li-containing conditions restrict the choices of materials for this use. Thus, until now, candidates of positive electrode were limited to crystals that contain both redox-active element (usually transition-metal) and lithium ion in the open framework with few exceptions. To expand the sight for seeking new positive electrode material, we recently suggested a novel strategy to use Li-free transition metal ionic compounds (MX, M = transition metal, X = anion or polyanion group) as a positive electrode material by blending with a simple Li ionic compound (LiY, Y = anion or polyanion group) in nanoscale for Li-ion batteries [1]. In this nanocomposite electrode, MX provided a redox couple for an electrochemical reaction, while Li ions were supplied from LiY. In this talk, we present our recent progress in this concept of new electrode design.

Kisuk Kang received his B.S. from Seoul National University, Korea. His Ph.D. at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) was on the design of electrode materials for lithium rechargeable batteries. Before he joined SNU, he was a professor at KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology), Korea until 2010. From 2011, he is a tenured professor of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at SNU. His research lab at SNU focuses on developing new materials for LIB, post-Li battery chemistries such as Na, Mg batteries and metal-air batteries using combined experiments and ab initio calculations. Including three articles published in Science, his works have been cited more than 2,500 times (35 times per article) for the last 10 years. He was awarded with Young Scientist Award from International Electrochemical Society (2012), Energy and Environmental Lectureship Award from Royal Society of Chemistry (2013) and prestigious Young Scientist Award from the President of Korea (2013).

Sun-Ho Kang Sun-Ho Kang
Samsung SDI, Korea

Si-based anode materials: Current development status and future direction

Only a small number of Li-containing cathode material groups have been considered for practical use in Li-ion battery systems. The constraints for cathode material design such as open anion framework and Li-containing conditions restrict the choices of materials for this use. Thus, until now, candidates of positive electrode were limited to crystals that contain both redox-active element (usually transition-metal) and lithium ion in the open framework with few exceptions. To expand the sight for seeking new positive electrode material, we recently suggested a novel strategy to use Li-free transition metal ionic compounds (MX, M = transition metal, X = anion or polyanion group) as a positive electrode material by blending with a simple Li ionic compound (LiY, Y = anion or polyanion group) in nanoscale for Li-ion batteries [1]. In this nanocomposite electrode, MX provided a redox couple for an electrochemical reaction, while Li ions were supplied from LiY. In this talk, we present our recent progress in this concept of new electrode design.

Sun-Ho Kang received his B.S. (1992), M.S. (1994), and Ph.D. (1998) degrees in Materials Science and Engineering from Seoul National University, South Korea. His Ph.D. thesis was on nonstoichiometry and its effect on magnetic properties of Mg-Mn ferrite spinel. He then moved to the United States to join Professor John B. Goodneough group at the University of Texas at Austin as a postdoctoral fellow (1999-2000), where he studied various cathode materials for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) including Li-Mn spinel and Li-V-Mo brannerite. In 2001, he joined the Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division at Argonne National Laboratory. During his 10-year tenure at Argonne National Laboratory (2001-2011), he has focused his research effort on development of Li (Ni,Co,Mn) O2 and Li-rich layered-layered cathode materials and diagnostic analysis of Li-ion cells for electric vehicle applications. Based on his work on Li-rich layered-layered cathode materials, he received, with his colleagues, the R&D 100 award in 2009 and was actively involved in technology transfer to major chemical and cell companies. In 2011, he returned to Korea to join Samsung SDI. He is currently VP and Energy 1 Lab Director at Samsung SDI’s Corporate R&D Center. He has published more than 80 papers in scientific journals and holds 12 US Patents.

Young-Jun Kim Young-Jun Kim
KETI, Korea

New Na rechargeable battery based on non-flammable inorganic liquid electrolyte

Dr. Kim will introduce new findings on Na rechargeable battery. Using an SO2-based inorganic liquid electrolyte as cathode material and a sodium-ion conducting medium, we developed a sodium-metal-based rechargeable battery which demonstrated a superior discharge capacity of 1800 mAhg-1 with an operating voltage of 3 V, excellent rate capability, and good cycle performance.

Young-Jun Kim is currently a director of Advanced Batteries Research Center at Korea Electronics Technology Institute (KETI). He received B.S., M.S and Ph.D. (1999) from Seoul National University in South Korea. He developed his carrier as a postdoctoral researcher at Kyushu University (Japan) and as a research engineer at Samsung SDI and Hyundai Motor Company (2001~2006). In Samsung SDI, he was a project leader of lithium-ion battery for mobile phones and he developed a number of commodities for Samsung Electronics, Nokia and Motorola. Dr. Kim won the technical award 2003 in Samsung SDI with the development of high capacity anode based on SBR/CMC binder. And he has special working experience for the development of fuel cell vehicles and lithium-ion battery for electric mobilities in Hyundai Motor. Dr. Kim joined KETI in November 2006 and he set up the technical supporting center for rechargeable battery industry with granted fund of $8M from Korean government. In 2009, Dr. Kim received the best research award from NIPA (National IT Industry Promotion Agency) and he received a citation from Minister of Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy in 2010. His current research activities are focused on key materials for lithium-ion battery, redox flow battery and Na rechargeable battery. And he is a key member of the committee to plan Korean National R&D Programs of secondary batteries. Dr. Kim has more than 40 SCI publications and 150 patents in the related field of energy storage.

Sang-Young Lee Sang-Young Lee
Interdisciplinary School of Green Energy, UNIST, Korea

Electrolyte breakthrough to advance flexible batteries

Dr. Lee’s talk at this meeting is devoted to sharing his research activities on flexible lithium-ion batteries that have garnered a great deal of attention as a power source for electronic devices featuring aesthetic versatility. One formidable challenge in development of flexible batteries arises from difficulties in securing solid-state electrolytes with reliable electrochemical/mechanical properties. Currently available liquid electrolytes limit choices in cell design due to their fluidic attribute and the need for separators in cell assembly. Herein, as electrolyte breakthrough to advance flexible batteries, a new class of bendable and thermally-stable composite polymer electrolyte, which can be directly printable on electrodes without processing solvent, is presented and also its potential application to flexible batteries with shape diversity is explored.

Sang-Young Lee is an associate professor in Interdisciplinary School of Green Energy at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Korea. He received the BA in Chemical Engineering from Seoul National University in 1991, MS, and PhD in Chemical Engineering from KAIST in 1993 and 1997. He joined Prof. Gerhard Wegner’s group as a postdoctoral fellow at Max-Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) from 2001 to 2002. Polymer electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries and proton exchange membrane fuel cells were his main research interests at MPI-P. Before joining the faculty, he worked at Batteries R&D, LG Chem as a principal research scientist from 1997 to 2008. While he was working at LG Chem, he was deeply involved as a project leader in the development of safety-reinforcing separators (“SRS”), which provide unprecedented benefits to battery safety and thus are currently becoming an essential component of large-sized batteries aimed at electric vehicle applications. His research interests are focused on nanostructured soft-materials for use in a wide variety of energy storage/conversion systems including lithium-ion batteries, metal-air batteries, supercapacitors, flow batteries, and proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Specifically, followings are his current research topics: high-performance electrolyte/electrode materials for flexible batteries with aesthetic versatility, printable/shape-conformable energy storage systems, eco-friendly nanocellulose-based energy materials, bio-inspired energy materials, micro/nanoporous separator membranes, 3D-structured conductive soft substrates, and conformal surface-modification of electrode materials. His representative publications include: “Imprintable, bendable, and shape-conformable polymer electrolytes for versatile-shaped lithium-ion batteries”, Adv. Mater., 25 (2013) 1395 [highlighted as a back cover image], “Cable-type flexible lithium ion battery based on hollow multi-helical electrodes”, Adv. Mater., 24 (2012) 5192 [highlighted as a front cover image], “Progress in flexible energy storage and conversion systems, with a focus on cable-type lithium-ion batteries”, Energy Environ. Sci, 6 (2013) 2414 [highlighted as a back cover image], “Thin, deformable, and safety-reinforced plastic crystal polymer electrolytes for high-performance flexible lithium-ion batteries”, Adv. Funct. Mater. in press [highlighted as a back cover image]. He has given a number of invited talks at international/domestic scientific conferences. In addition to the abovementioned research activities, he served as a general secretary of the Korean Electrochemical Society from 2010 to 2011 and also as a coordinator of the 16th IMLB held in 2012. The title of his talk at this 17th IMLB is devoted to “Electrolyte breakthrough to advance flexible batteries”.

Hong Li Hong Li
Institute Physics, CAS, China

Understanding and controlling on the interfacial properties of Si-based anode materials for Li-ion batteries

In this talk, investigating on gradual formation of the thick solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) on naked silicon anode at low rate and its 3D multiple layer structure will be mainly introduced. The efforts for controlling interfacial properties and maintaining the structure stability of nano-Si/C composite anodes will be also reported.

Hong Li is a full professor in Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); his main research interests include advanced materials for high energy density rechargeable lithium batteries and energy storage mechanisms in lithium batteries. His original contributions include: first reporting nanosized silicon anode; reversible lithium storage in fluorides, finding an interfacial lithium storage phenomenon; voltage hysteresis analysis in conversion reaction; investigating on instability of SEI and atomic structure evolution in several cathode materials, systematic thermodynamic calculation on energy densities of battery materials and demonstrating rechargeable Li/CO2 batteries.

Aramugam Manthiram Aramugam Manthiram
University of Texas at Austin, USA

Highly reversible hybrid lithium-air batteries

Conventional lithium-air cells operating with nonaqueous electrolytes suffer from poor cycle life due to the clogging of the porous air cathodes by insoluble discharge products, contamination of the organic electrolyte by moist air, and decomposition of the electrolyte during cycling. Attempts to overcome these problems by developing compatible electrolyte/catalyst combinations have invariably been plagued. These difficulties could be overcome by adopting a new cell configuration consisting of a lithium metal anode in the conventional organic electrolyte separated by a lithium-ion conducting solid electrolyte from the air electrode in an aqueous catholyte. With this strategy, this presentation will focus on the development of catholytes that can avoid corrosion of the solid electrolyte as well as efficient, inexpensive electroctalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Specifically, it will focus on the development of a buffer catholyte solution consisting of phosphoric acid and a supporting salt, inexpensive lithiated spinel-type lithium cobalt oxide as a bifuncrional ORR and OER catalyst, O- and N-doped carbon nanoweb as a metal-free ORR catalyst, and a novel hybrid lithium-air cell configuration with decoupled ORR and OER electrodes exhibiting high efficiency with good cycle life.

Arumugam Manthiram is currently the Joe C. Walter Chair in Engineering and Director of the Texas Materials Institute and the Materials Science and Engineering Graduate Program at the University of Texas at Austin. He received B.S. (1974) and M.S. (1976) degrees in chemistry from Madurai University, India, and a Ph.D. degree in chemistry in 1980 from the Indian Institute of Technology at Madras. After working as a Lecturer at Madurai Kamaraj University in India and as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford and at the University of Texas at Austin (UT-Austin), he became a faculty member in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at UT-Austin in 1991.

Dr. Manthiram’s current research is in the area of rechargeable batteries and fuel cells, with a focus on low-cost, efficient materials, novel chemical synthesis and processing approaches, and fundamental understanding of the structure-property-performance relationships. He has authored more than 500 publications and 8 patents, with 14 patent applications currently pending. He is the Regional (USA) Editor of Solid State Ionics and is serving as an editorial board member for 5 other journals. He is a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society and the Electrochemical Society.

Marina Mastragostino Marina Mastragostino
University Bologna, Italy

Ionic liquid-based lithium/oxygen battery

Basic studies of the oxygen redox reaction in hydrophobic N-butyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide at home-made catalyst-free porous carbon electrode demonstrated that O2 mass transport in IL becomes crucial at the fastest battery discharge rates, which are of interest for automotive applications, and that it is possible to overcome this limitation by new flow-cell designs.

Marina Mastragostino is Professor at Alma-Mater Studiorum–University of Bologna. Since mid ‘80 her research activity has been focused on advanced materials for energetics: micro- and nano-sized inorganic and carbonaceous materials for lithium-ion batteries, mesoporous carbonaceous materials and electronically conducting polymers for supercapacitors, carbon supported catalysts for fuel cells and conducting polymers for electrooptic devices. She also investigated materials for biomedical devices. The activity in the field of the materials electrochemistry is proved by more than 190 papers on international journals and books and by several invited lectures at International Meetings. She has been the Scientific Responsible for Bologna University of many national and European Projects and member of the organizing committee of many International Meetings. She is Corresponding Member of the Accademia delle Scienze of Bologna and Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Power Sources. She served The Electrochemical Society as Treasurer of the European Section, the Italian Chemical Society as Secretary-Treasurer and as President of the Electrochemical Division, and the International Society of Electrochemistry as Chair of the Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Division.

Aleksandar Matic Aleksandar Matic
Chalmers University Technology, Sweden

Ionic liquid based electrolytes for Li-Sulfur batteries

In this lecture Dr. Matic will report on our new results new results on the role of ionic liquids in LiS-batteries, as neat electrolytes and in mixed electrolyte solutions. In particular he will focus on the focus on the dissolution and speciation of polysulfides in the solution and their role for the function of Li-metal anodes.

Aleksandar Matic is a professor of physics at Chalmers University of Technology He received his M.Sc. degree in engineering physics from Uppsala University and his Ph.D. degree from Chalmers University of Technology. Following the Ph.D. he worked for the establishment of the European Spallation Source (ESS), the Europe’s next generation neutron source, in Scandinavia and Sweden before returning to Chalmers as assistant professor. He became professor in 2010 at the Department of Applied Physics and since 2011 he holds a senior researcher position with the Swedish Research Council. He is today the director of Chalmers Area of Advanced Materials Science and the chairman of the scientific advisory committee for the ESS.

His research interest is direct towards soft matter and energy applications. A major theme for his research group new electrolytes, based on polymer membranes and colloidal gels, for Li-metal, Li-ion and Li-Sulfur batteries. The work also includes investigating the compatibility and influence of the electrolytes with Li-metal anodes and with new nanostructured carbon-sulfur composite cathodes for Li-Sulfur batteries. A particular focus is the use of ionic liquids in different types Li-batteries, where transport properties, phase behavior, ion interactions and polysulfide speciation. The aim is to determine the relation between microscopic structure and interactions, using a combination of spectroscopic methods, to macroscopic properties and the functionality of the electrolyte in the battery.

Linda Nazar Linda Nazar
Waterloo University, Canada

Advancing the lithium-sulfur battery

The presentation will focus on recent work in our lab involving the development of new electrolytes for the Li-S cell along with new materials for the cathode and developing insightful in situ probes of redox processes for a working cell and understanding the cathode interface. We consider these to be the most challenging issues in electrochemical energy storage cells that operate on the basis of chemical transformations, where the factors that govern capacity and cycling stability are difficult to access owing to the amorphous nature of the intermediate species. I will present results on cathodes for the Li-S cell comprised of sulfur-imbibed robust spherical carbon shells with tailored porosity that exhibit excellent cycling stability. Their highly regular nanoscale dimensions and thin carbon shells allow highly uniform electrochemical response and enable direct monitoring of sulfur speciation within the cell over the whole redox range by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy on the S K-edge. These studies are coupled with solid state NMR investigations, and include investigations of novel electrolyte systems. Functional tailoring of the surface of the shells will also be presented, and if time permits, comparison will be drawn with Li-O2 electrochemistry.

Linda Nazar FRSC holds a Senior Canada Research Chair in the Departments of Chemistry and Electrical Engineering at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. She received her Honours B.Sc. from the University of British Columbia, and her Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Toronto. Her research team is focused on solid state energy materials with topics that span Li-S and Li-O2 batteries, Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, supercapacitors and energy conversion materials. She leads a thrust in the Joint Centre for Energy Storage Research (USA), and is a member of the BASF Academic Battery Network. She has served on numerous DOE, NSERC and NSF committees. She has received the Battery Research Award from the Electrochemical Society, the IUPAC Distinguished Women in Chemistry/Chemical Engineering award; the International Battery Association award. She was a Moore Distinguished Scholar at the California Institute of Technology in 2010, and delivered the 2013 August-Wilhem von Hofman Lccture to the German Chemical Society. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and has spent sabbaticals at UCLA; the Institute for Materials in Nantes, France; the CNRS in Grenoble, France; and at Caltech.

Zempachi Ogumi Zempachi Ogumi
Kyoto University, Japan
(Speaking with Yoshiharu Uchimoto)

Dynamic behaviors of phase transition in cathode material

Time-resolved in situ analysis enables us to observe dynamic behavior occurring in an operating battery without touching its components and so actual processes associated with charging/discharging can be elucidated. The difficulty in in situ analysis has been low time resolutions, namely, it often takes long time to measure one spectrum/pattern and the status changes during the measurement has been unacceptably large. Recently the measuring probes have been much improved and observation at practical charging/discharging rate of 0.1C to 50C is now available. In this talk, application of in situ technique by using synchrotron X-ray to lithium battery analysis using their measurement characteristics are demonstrated.

Zempachi Ogumi was Professor of Electrochemistry, Department of Energy of Hydrocarbon Chemistry at Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University. He received his BChE degree from Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University in 1968, and he has MS and PhD degrees in Electrochemistry from Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University. Upon completion of his PhD degree in 1975, he worked at Fritz-Haber Institute of Max-Planck Gesellschaft, Germany as a Post Doc for 1 year. He joined Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University as a Research Associate in 1976 and was promoted to Associate in 1984 and then to Professor in 1992. After he retired from Faculty of Engineering in 2009, he has been working as an Adjunct Professor of Office of Society-Academia Collaboration for Innovation in the same University and leading a national project on batteries, R&D Initiative for Scientific Innovation of New Generation Battery.

Prof. Ogumi has been working on lithium ion batteries and fuel cells, in particular, focusing on interfacial phenomena. He has credit to over 200 peer-reviewed papers and several edited and co-edited books about new technology for advance rechargeable batteries and electrochemistry. He has been a regional editor of Journal of Power Sources published by Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. since 1999.

He was the vice Chair of Battery Division 2007-2009. He was the chairman of the Committee of Battery Technology, Electrochemical Society of Japan and the President the Electrochemical Society of Japan 2007-2008, and was the President of Solid State Ionics Society of Japan 2004-2006. He was the President of IBA 2010 - 2012.

Tetsuya Osaka Tetsuya Osaka
Waseda University, Japan

Impedance analysis of lithium ion battery for future

“Impedance analysis of lithium ion battery for future” will discuss the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to detect the state of lithium-ion battery. Firstly, a design of equivalent circuit for that detection will be explained. Then, square current EIS (SC-EIS), which is not required to use frequency response analyzer, will be introduced. The SC-EIS, which can be measured by a power controller with simple measuring system should a powerful tool for its widespread in grid.

Tetsuya Osaka is a professor in the Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, a position he has held since 1986. He currently serves as Director of the Institute for Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, Waseda University. At Waseda University, he was Director of the Department of Applied Chemistry from 1996 to 1998, Dean of Graduate School of Science and Engineering from 1998 to 2002, Provost of Research Promotion Division from 2002 to 2006, Director of the Waseda Research Institute for Science and Engineering, and Deputy Dean of Faculty of Research and Engineering from 2008 to 2010. He received his Doctor of Engineering degree in 1974 from Waseda University. In 1975, he was a post-doctoral fellow at Georgetown University, and in 1989 he served as a Visiting Professor at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Osaka is President of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) after serving as President of the Magnetics Society of Japan, President of the Electrochemical Society of Japan, President of the Japan Institute of Electronic Packaging, Vice-President of the Surface Finishing Society of Japan, Vice-President of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE), and Chair of the ECS Japan Local Section.

His research field is electrochemical technology, and his recent work is focused on electrochemical nanotechnology, including electro- and electroless-deposition/surface finishing, electronic packaging materials, magnetic storage and energy storage devices, and chemical- and bio-sensors. He has contributed as an author and/or editor to more than 90 books and published more than 900 original and review papers in these fields. He has been identified as one of the Highly Cited Researchers in the Materials Science category in Thomson ISI’s ( His technical contributions have been recognized by many awards including Okuma Memorial Academic Prize in 2013 which is the most honorable award in Waseda University, Medal with Purple Ribbon bestowed from the Decoration Bureau of the Cabinet Office, Japan in 2010, Prizes for Science and Technology in Development Category of the Commendation for Science and Technology by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology in 2008. A member of ECS since 1979. He received the Research Award of the ECS Electrodeposition Division in 1996 and was elected an Honorary Member of Magnetics Society of Japan (2011), a Fellow of ECS (2002), IEEE (2002), IUPAC (2004), and ISE (2006).

Rosa Palacín Rosa Palacín

Non lithium based technologies: walking on the sodium side

The Na-ion battery concept is not new, though it had fallen into oblivion for ca. 20 years. As in any other battery technology, performance is determined by electrode materials provided a suitable electrolyte is used. The talk will review recent search carried out at ICMAB-CSIC dealing mainly with the development of negative electrode materials and optimization of electrolyte formulation which ultimately led to the assembly of full Na-ion laboratory cells exhibiting good capacity retention and power performance.

The Na-ion battery concept is not new, though it had fallen into oblivion for ca. 20 years. As in any other battery technology, performance is determined by electrode materials provided a suitable electrolyte is used. The talk will review recent search carried out at ICMAB-CSIC dealing mainly with the development of negative electrode materials and optimization of electrolyte formulation which ultimately led to the assembly of full Na-ion laboratory cells exhibiting good capacity retention and power performance.

Rosa Palacín is a staff scientist at the Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona belonging to CSIC, the Spanish National Research Council since 1999. After receiving her B.Sc. (1991, Hons) and her PhD (1995, Hons) in Chemistry from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, she entered battery research through a post-doctoral stay in Prof. Jean-Marie Tarascon’s group (LRCS, Amiens, France). Her own research has since then been fully focused in rechargeable battery materials, either nickel based, lithium based and, more recently, also sodium based. Both new compounds and already known phases are investigated with specific emphasis in tailoring structure and microstructure to maximize electrochemical performance and structure-property correlations. Her main past achievements deal with the investigation of the role of defects in the positive electrode active material of nickel based batteries, with elucidation of the crystal structure of the phase present in the electrode in the charged state and the study of nitrides and oxinitrides as negative electrode materials for lithium ion batteries operating either through conventional insertion or conversion reaction mechanisms. Her recent research includes also technological aspects (carbon coating, electrode formulation) and is largely focused on the emerging sodium-ion battery field with the quest for new electrode materials, optimization of electrolyte formulation and proof-of-concept through the assembly of full cells. She has led diverse research projects with either public or industrial funding (both National and International) dealing with diverse aspects of battery materials and technology either from a fundamental or more technological point of view. She is the author of about 100 publications and 4 patents and is very actively involved in the ALISTORE European virtual Research Institute devoted to battery research, which she jointly leads with Prof. Patrice Simon (CIRIMAT, Toulouse) since 2010. She is member of the Board of the International Battery Association and part of the International Advisory Board of the Journal of Power Sources, and the Editorial Board of Scientific Reports and Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy.

Stefano Passerini Stefano Passerini
Helmholtz Institute Ulm, Germany

Microstructured nanomaterials for lithium ion battery anodes

The tremendous success of lithium-ion batteries as power source for portable electronic devices since their first commercialization in 1991, marking a breakthrough in battery technology, has rendered them as the most promising energy storage devices for hybrid and, most likely, fully electric vehicles. However, further improvement in terms of energy and power density is still needed in order to meet the demands of modern society’s transportation requirements.

Particularly with respect to the anode side, recent research activities have shown the great benefit of nanostructuring the active material particles in order to combine high rate performance and large specific capacities for alternative anode materials, especially those undergoing rather large volume changes upon (de-)lithiation. However, nanosized particles suffer several safety, health, and processability issues.

We have recently proposed several composites of carbon and nanomaterials as alternative anodes in lithium-ion batteries. Several examples of micro-structured, insertion, alloying, and conversion-alloying nanomaterials will be presented, showing an enhanced performance compared to “simple” nanoparticles only.

Stefano Passerini is appointed Professor at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology to be a member of the Helmholtz Institute Ulm. After graduation at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” in 1993, he has acquired a wide international experience in the lithium battery field as senior scientist in the USA (Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Dept., University of Minnesota) and Italy (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Environment), and as visiting scientist in Japan (Chemistry Dept., Waseda University), Brazil (Chemistry Dept., University of Sao Paulo in Riberao Preto). Finally, he was appointed as Professor in the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the University of Muenster (Germany) where he participated as co-Founder and co-Director to the establishment of MEET (Muenster Electrochemical Energy Technology), the battery research center focusing on the development of present and next generation lithium batteries and supercapacitors. Since 1986 Stefano Passerini has been working on the development of materials and systems for electrochemical energy storage. His research efforts are focused on the fundamental understanding and the development of materials for lithium batteries, such as ionic liquids, polymer electrolytes, and electrode materials. He is co-author of over 240 peer-reviewed publications, several book chapters and patents. In recognition of his work, he has been awarded the 2012 Research Award of the Battery Division of the Electrochemical Society. Since 2013 he has been appointed has European Editor of Journal of Power Sources.

Wencai RenWencai Ren
Institute of Metal Research, CAS, China

Role of graphene in lithium batteries

Graphene attracts increasing interest in lithium storage because of the significant improvement in electrochemical performance of graphene-based electrode materials. Synergistic effects between graphene and electrode materials and the beneficial roles of graphene in composite electrodes are found. It is demonstrated that, when the composites are used as electrode materials for lithium storage, compared to their individual constituents, graphene composites with unique structures such as anchoring, wrapping, encapsulating, sandwiching, buffering, layering and mixing have a significant improvement in their electrochemical properties such as high capacity, high rate capability and excellent cycling stability. The roles of graphene are found mainly to form a conductive network, increase ion conductivity, anchor and trap electrode materials.

Wencai Ren is a professor at Institute of Metal Research (IMR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He received his Ph. D. degree in materials science from IMR, CAS in 2005, and worked with Prof. Andre K. Geim at the University of Manchester from 2009 to 2010. His research interests mainly focus on the synthesis of graphene and other two-dimensional materials and their applications in energy storage, composites and optoelectronics. He has published over 70 peer-reviewed papers in Nature Mater., Nature Commun., PNAS, Adv. Mater., ACS Nano, J. Am. Chem. Soc. etc., and filed more than 20 patents. >

Jakub Reiter Jakub Reiter
BMW Group, Germany

Air batteries with ionic liquid electrolytes: The ABILE project

Electrification has been a major focus of BMW and large efforts have been initiated in order to investigate technologies that have high potential to be integrated in future electric vehicles. Metal-air batteries are one of the possible solutions that may substantially enhance the electric drive range. BMW, together with the scientific teams of La Sapienza - University of Rome, University of Münster and Hanyang University in Seoul, initiated the project ABILE – Air Batteries with Ionic Liquid Electrolytes, which focuses on investigating the use of ionic liquids and alternative anodes as potential components for Li-air and Li-O2 batteries. This presentation aims at introducing the scientific results obtained within the project and discusses the potential of using novel materials in Li-air/Li-O2 batteries.

Jakub Reiter joined BMW AG in October 2012 and is currently a member of the Research Battery Technology Group. Jakub began his career in the field of electrochemistry in 1997 when he joined the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic. His initial work was on polymer electrolytes for the electrochromic devices and electrochemical gas sensors, but later also for the lithium-ion batteries. In parallel, he studied analytical and inorganic chemistry at the Charles University in Prague, where he received his M.Sc. in 2003 and Ph.D. degree in 2006.

After graduation, his scientific interest included both liquid and polymer electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries and since 2005 he focuses on the ionic liquids for Li-ion batteries with enhanced safety. Jakub established a small research group of electrochemists and continued his work at the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry till 2011, when he joined MEET of Prof. Martin Winter and Prof. Stefano Passerini at the University of Münster, Germany. Here he was participating on the FP7 project LABOHR from 2011 to 2012. The main part of his work included the synthesis and characterization of novel ionic liquids.

Jakub Reiter is the author or co-author of 28 papers in scientific journals. In 2004, he received the British Council Chevening Scholarship what allowed him to join the group of Prof. John Owen at the University of Southampton for four months working mainly on the electrochemistry of the lyotropic liquid crystals.

Yang Shao-Horn Yang Shao-Horn

Recent advances in lithium-oxygen batteries

Rechargeable energy storage systems with high energy density and round-trip efficiency are urgently needed to capture and deliver renewable energy for applications such as electric transportation. Lithium-air / lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries have received extraordinary research attention recently owing to their potential to provide positive electrode gravimetric energies considerably higher (~3-5x) than Li-ion positive electrodes. In light of the major technological challenges of Li-O2 batteries, we discuss current understanding developed in non-carbonate electrolytes of Li-O2 redox chemistry upon discharge and charge, oxygen reduction reaction product characteristics upon discharge, and the chemical instability of electrolytes and carbon commonly used in the oxygen electrode. We discuss the characteristics of discharge products (mainly Li2O2) including morphological, electronic and surface features and parasitic reactivity with carbon. On charge, we examine the reaction mechanism of the oxygen evolution reaction from Li2O2 and the influence of Li2O2 morphologies/chemistry and catalysts on Li2O2 oxidation. These analyses provide insights into Li-O2 charge kinetics and the role of catalyst. Moreover, we will discuss how in-situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements can reveal Li-O2 redox chemistry using solid-state cells, which provide insights into the development of high-performance electrode surfaces free of carbon.

Yang Shao-Horn is Gail E. Kendall Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research probe the underlying molecular-level mechanisms of catalytic and charge transfer reactions, and ion/electron transport, examine the electronic structures of bulk and surfaces to search for descriptors of catalytic activity and ion/electron transport, apply fundamental understanding to design novel materials for oxygen electrocatalysis, water splitting and CO2 reduction and study the impact of these mechanisms on performance in electrochemical energy devices, including in lithium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries, and fuel cells. Professor Shao-Horn has published over 130 archival journal papers with over 5000 citations. Professor Shao-Horn is serving on the advisory boards of leading journals including Energy and Environmental Science and Journal of Physical Chemistry. Her work has been recognized with the Charles Tobias Young Investigator Award from The Electrochemical Society, the Tajima Prize from the International Society of Electrochemistry and, most recently, the 2013 Research Award by the International Battery Materials Association.

Yang-Kook Sun Yang-Kook Sun
Hanyang University, Korea

High-energy cathode material for advanced lithium-ion batteries

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have great potential as a new large-scale power source for electric vehicles (EVs) due to their high energy density, high voltage, and long cycle life. However, commercialization of these batteries for the automobile industry requires further improvements in energy density and safety. Here, we report a novel cathode material with concentration gradient of Ni, Co, and Mn ions throughout each secondary particle, which significantly increased energy density, cycle life and safety.

Yang-Kook Sun received his M.S. degree and Ph.D. degree from the Seoul National University, Korea. In 1996 he was a principal researcher at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology and contributed in the commercialization of the lithium polymer battery. He has worked at the Hanyang University in Korea as a professor from 2000. His research interests are the synthesis of new electrode materials for lithium ion batteries, super-capacitors, and next-generation batteries of Na-ion batteries, Li-S batteries, and Li-air batteries. At 2007 and 2011, he was awarded Energy Technology Division Research Award and Research Award in Battery Division of the Electrochemical Society. He has been Senior Visiting Scientist in the Argonne National Laboratory, U.S.A. since 2007. He has published more than 332 reviewed papers and has 170 registered patents in the field of batteries and electrochemistry. His several patents have been contracted with several Korean companies and two of them are being used for commercial production.

Jean-Marie Tarascon Jean-Marie Tarascon
Picardie University, France

The high capacity layered oxide electrodes: A status of their understanding

Classical positive electrodes for Li-ion technology operate via an insertion-deinsertion redox process involving cationic species. However, this mechanism is insufficient to account for the high capacities displayed by the new generation of Li-rich (Li1+xNiyCozMn1-x-yO2)1 layered oxides. To address this issue, we have designed structurally related Li2Ru1-yMyO3 materials and provide direct evidence that the high capacity of these materials towards Li is rooted in cumulative cationic (Mn+ -> M(n+1)+) and anionic (“O2– -> O22–”) reversible redox processes. Besides, following our chemical approach, we provide an explanation regarding the origin of the voltage decay upon cycling in these materials. Both of these aspects will be discussed.

Jean-Marie Tarascon (1953) is Professor at the College de France holding the chair “Chemistry of solids – Energy.” But much of his early career was spent in the United States where he developed (1994) the plastic Li-ion technology. Back to France in 1995, he created the European network of excellence ALISTORE-ERI of which he was head until 2010 when he took over as director of the new LABEX “STORE-EX” and became in charge of the recently created French network on electrochemical energy storage (RS2E). His present research deals with battery related materials. He authored more than 560 papers and holds 73 patents.

Kuniaki Tatsumi Kuniaki Tatsumi
AIST, Japan

Enhanced cycleability of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 coated with various oxides under high voltage charge/discharge cycles

In this talk, results of studies on effect of metal oxides coating on cyclability enhancement of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 particles during high voltage charge higher than 4.5 V (vs. Li+/Li) will be shown. In particular, difference of crystal structure deformation at the surface of degraded LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 investigated by s-TEM/ EELS will be discussed.

Kuniaki Tatsumi is currently a Deputy Director in the Research Institute of Ubiquitous Energy Devices, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan. He received degrees from Kyoto University (B.Eng. and M.Eng, chemistry; Ph.D., material science and electrochemistry) and began work at AIST as a researching scientist in the Inorganic Materials Division in 1988. He was a Deputy Director (rechargeable batteries and fuel cells) in the New and Renewable Energy Division, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) during 2001-2002. Dr. Tatsumi has been researching in the field of electrochemical energy storage and conversion for more than two decades. His research interests include lithium and lithium-ion batteries materials and reaction mechanisms, and intercalation compounds. He has joined national R&D projects on lithium and lithium-ion batteries for automobile applications for more than 10 years with collaborations among battery manufacturing companies and car manufacturing companies, such as the LIBES (Lithium Batteries for Energy Storage), the Li-EAD (Li-ion and Excellent Advanced Batteries Development for Next-generation Vehicles), and the RISING (Research & Development Initiative for Science Innovation of New Generation Batteries) projects to enhance energy density, rate capability and cyclability/calendar life of lithium-ion batteries. Dr. Tatsumi is an inventor with 31 issued patents. He authored more than 100 peer-reviewed journal publications and book chapters. In 2004, he was the Secretary General of the 12th International Meeting of Lithium Batteries (IMLB-12 organized by Professor Zempachi Ogumi, Kyoto University) in Nara, Japan.

Yoshiharu Uchimoto Yoshiharu Uchimoto
Kyoto University, Japan

(Speaking with Zempachi Ogumi)

Dynamic behaviors of phase transition in cathode material

Time-resolved in situ analysis enables us to observe dynamic behavior occurring in an operating battery without touching its components and so actual processes associated with charging/discharging can be elucidated. The difficulty in in situ analysis has been low time resolutions, namely, it often takes long time to measure one spectrum/pattern and the status changes during the measurement has been unacceptably large. Recently the measuring probes have been much improved and observation at practical charging/discharging rate of 0.1C to 50C is now available. In his talk, application of in situ technique by using synchrotron X-ray to lithium battery analysis using their measurement characteristics are demonstrated.

Yoshiharu Uchimoto is a professor in the Department of Interdisciplinary Environment, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, a position he has since 2007. He received his Doctor of Engineering degree in 1991 from Kyoto University. In 1993, he was a post-doctoral fellow at University of Pennsylvania, USA. Prof. Uchimoto’s recent work is focused on electrochemical energy storage and conversion devices, including lithium ion batteries, post lithium-ion batteries, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, and solid oxide fuel cells. He is a group leader of “Advanced Analysis Group” of RISING (Research and Development Initiative for Scientific Innovation of New Generation Batteries) Battery project in Japan whose project leader is Prof. Ogumi. He aim at the development of state-of-the-art techniques of analysis of battery in situ by using large-scale equipment, such as synchrotron radiation beam facilities, to be utilized in the enhancement of the performance of the existing lithium-ion batteries as well as the development of post lithium-ion batteries. He is the author of over 190 peer-reviewed publications in reputable journals. He has also co-authored several invited reviews, book chapters.

Anton Van der Ven Anton Van der Ven
University of California Santa Barbara, USA

Connecting electronic structure to electrode kinetics of Li-ion batteries

Anton Van der Ven will describe how predictions of properties at the electronic structure level can be propagated to larger length scales to analyze and describe the behavior of electrode materials at the electrode particle level.

Anton Van der Ven received a PhD degree in Materials Science from MIT in 2000 and an engineering degree in Metallurgy and Applied Materials Science from the University of Louvain, Belgium in 1994. He joined the University of Michigan as an assistant professor in 2005, following a post doc at MIT. In 2013, Van der Ven moved to the University of California Santa Barbara where he is currently an associate professor in the Materials Department. Van der Ven studies the thermodynamic, kinetic and mechanical properties of a wide variety of materials of technological importance. His research interests are in the area of computational materials science with a focus on developing and applying first-principles statistical mechanical methods to predict properties of materials for energy storage and high temperature structural applications. Van der Ven’s interests are devoted to understanding the mechanisms of phase transformations that couple diffusion and structural changes and in developing first-principles theories of non-equilibrium processes in the solid state. While a major emphasis of Van der Ven’s research focuses on materials for energy storage, he also studies super alloys and high temperature oxides for structural applications as well as corrosion processes in materials for nuclear applications.

Margret Wohlfahrt-MehrensMargret Wohlfahrt-Mehrens
ZSW, Germany

Materials and electrode design for long life lithium ion batteries

The lecture will address the influence of a proper selection of active materials and electrode design on the long term stability of lithium ion batteries. Various methods to monitor the contribution of anode and cathode reactions on ageing mechanisms will be discussed. The lecture will discuss strategies to minimize ageing of cells by proper electrode design and to the development of long life high voltage lithium ion batteries.

Margret Wohlfahrt-Mehrens is Head of the Department Accumulators Materials Research at ZSW (Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung, Baden-Württemberg) in Ulm, Germany. She has been working for more than 20 years in the field of materials and cell development for electrochemical energy storage systems. She studied chemistry at the University of Bonn and graduated (PhD) in 1989 from the University of Witten Herdecke. She joined ZSW in 1990, where she worked as project leader for various battery related research and development projects. Since 1995 she is leading the Department of Accumulators Materials Research at ZSW. From 2007 to 2011 she was member of the executive board of the division “Applied Electrochemistry” of the German Chemical Society (GDCH). She is appointed member of the ProcessNet working group “Electrochemical Processes”. Since 2011 she is also PI of the Materials II research group at the Helmholtz Institute in Ulm.

Vanessa Wood Vanessa Wood
ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Quantifying and controlling microstructure in lithium ion battery porous electrodes

In this lecture Vanessa will explain how synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy can be used to interrogate millimeter-scale lithium ion battery specimens with sub-micrometer resolution to obtain three-dimensional representations of the internal microstructure. A systematically study of porous electrodes using this technique enables a quantitative understanding of the impact of porous electrode microstructure on lithium ion battery performance, an analysis of the origins of tortuosity in standard lithium ion battery manufacturing, and the development of guidelines to a priori predict electrode tortuosity based on a simple assessment of particle shape. Finally, Vanessa will present a novel method for controlling electrode microstructure to enable low tortuosity porous electrodes.

Vanessa Wood is a professor in the Department of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering at ETH Zurich, where she heads the Laboratory for Nanoelectronics ( Research there focuses on the development of analytical techniques to study the electronic and ionic transport in solution-processed structures composed of materials with sub-micron feature sizes. The understanding gained from these fundamental studies is then applied to developing new materials and device architectures for optoelectronic and electrochemical energy storage applications, such as LEDs, solar cells, and lithium ion batteries. In 2012, Vanessa was awarded the Intel Young Faculty Career Honor Award. Prior to joining ETH Zurich in 2011, she was a postdoctoral associate in the laboratory of Professor Yet-Ming Chiang and Professor Craig Carter in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at MIT, working on lithium-ion flow battery systems. She received her MSc and PhD degrees from the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT in 2007 and 2010, respectively. Her graduate work was done in the group of Professor Vladimir Bulović and focused on the development of optoelectronic devices containing colloidally-synthesized quantum dots.

Chihiro Yada Chihiro Yada
Toyota Motor Europe NV/SA, Belgium

(Speaking with Hideki Iba)

Innovative batteries for sustainable mobility

The rapid economic growth, the ever-increasing populations and the increase in the number of vehicles have accelerated the consumption of fossil fuels in the world; automobile industries are now expected to tackle with reduction of CO2 emissions by developing vehicles driven by sustainable energy sources such as hybrid vehicles (HVs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHVs), electric vehicles (EVs) and fuel-cell hybrid vehicles (FCHVs). Since Toyota Motor Corporation introduced the first-generation Prius in 1997, we have sold more than 3 million HVs with 17 models all over the world, reducing CO2 emissions by 14 million tons (as of May 2010). And now, we are going to develop next-generation vehicles with more energy efficiency. In the presentation, we will report our recent effort on developing innovative batteries for the sustainable mobility.

Chihiro Yada has been serving as a senior manager at Toyota Motor Europe NV/SA in Belgium since 2012. His department deals with researches on innovative batteries for “sustainable mobility”, including all-solid-state batteries, metal-air batteries, and sodium-ion batteries. Dr. Yada received his Ph.D. in Engineering in 2006 from Kyoto University in Japan by a doctoral thesis entitled “Studies on Electrode / Solid Electrolyte Interface in All-solid-state Lithium Batteries” under the guidance of Prof. Zempachi Ogumi. Dr. Yada started his industrial carrier in 2006 when he was employed at Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. in Japan, where he dedicated the development of lithium-ion batteries for automobile and consumer applications. In 2009, Dr. Yada moved to Toyota Motor Corporation in Japan, where he served most recently as an assistant manager to develop innovative batteries. He has published so far about 15 articles in peer reviewed journals and about 25 patents.

Yong Yang Yong Yang
Xiamen University, China

Exploiting polyanion-type cathode materials with high energy density for Li or Na-ion batteries

This talk will report some newest results about polyanion-type compounds as high-energy density cathode materials for Li/Na ion batteries.

Yong Yang earned his B.Sc. in Chemistry (1984) and Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry in 1992 at Xiamen University, in addition with two-year in-split PhD experience in England. At Xiamen university, he learned useful knowledge and skills in physical chemistry, especially electrochemistry field. Thereafter, he got a faculty position at same university. Except for a one-year (1997–1998) academic visit at Oxford University, he has worked at the State Key lab for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surface at Xiamen University since 1992. He was promoted to full professor in 1997. Now he takes a distinguished professor position in physical chemistry division and works as Director of Research Institute of Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering over there. His main research interests are new battery materials (e.g., electrode/electrolyte materials), in situ spectroscopic techniques, interfacial and reaction mechanism study in electrochemical energy storage and conversion system. He was given the Research Award for outstanding young scholar research by the National Natural Science Foundation of China in 1999. He has published more than 130 papers in peer-reviewed journal including Advanced Materials Chemistry of Materials, J Phys Chem. C and J Electrochem. Soc., etc. He has also given more than 30 invited talks in international meeting and supervised more than 40 postdocs, postgraduate students and visiting scholars.

Karim Zaghib Karim Zaghib
Hydroquebec, Canada

Lithium metal anode: challenges and opportunities

This presentation provides challenges and opportunities in developing thin Lithium metal with stable SEI as negative electrode for three battery technologies using: Batteries made from dry polymer and ionic liquid-polymer electrolytes for rechargeable lithium batteries, all solid-state Li-sulfur batteries, and Li-air batteries.

Karim Zaghib obtained his MS (1987) and PhD (1990), both in electrochemistry, from the Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, France under the direction of Bernadette Nguyen. In 2002, he received the HDR (Habilitation a Diriger la Recherche) in materials science from the Université de Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. From 1986 to 1990, Dr. Zaghib developed Al-Mn alloys as negative electrodes in molten salts for Li-ion batteries and Cu/Zn reaction displacement. In 1990, Dr. Zaghib published a new method to enhance the electrodeposition of metals. From 1990-1995, he was a post-doctoral fellow investigating chemical lithiation of graphite under a Saft-DGA contract. Then from 1992 to 1995, Dr. Zaghib was guest researcher for the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (METI); and in 1995 he was instrumental in introducing Li-ion technology to HydroQuébec, where he is currently the Director of the Conversion and Storage of Energy Department. At Hydro-Québec, Dr. Zaghib initiated research collaborations, with Michel Armand on new materials and solid polymer electrolytes, and with Kim Kinoshita at LBNL to understand the oxidation and irreversible capacity loss of a range of particle sizes of natural graphite. During the past 18 years, Dr. Zaghib has actively collaborated with John Goodenough (University of Texas, Austin), and Christian Julien and Alain Mauger (Paris 6 University, France) to develop the olivine LiFePO4 and Li-Ti-O electrode materials for Li-ion batteries. His current research activities include developing new battery technologies beyond Li-ion, such as solid state ( Li-S, Li-air, Na, Mg) batteries. Dr. Zaghib has published 240 refereed papers and has164 international patents. In addition, he has served as editor or co-editor of 17 books. He was organizer or co-organizer of 50 symposia, meetings, workshops. In June 2010, he was the General Chair of the International Meeting on Lithium Batteries (IMLB) in Montréal, Québec. Dr. Zaghib is very active in The Electrochemical Society, and served as the Chair of the Energy Technology Division (2007-2009). Dr. Zaghib has received the International Electric Research Exchange (IERE) Research Award (2008) in Iguaçu, Brazil, the International Battery Association (IBA) Research Award (January 2010) and was elected ECS Fellow in 2011. In 2013 Dr. Zaghib received the Battery Technology award from ECS.

Xinbo Zhang Xinbo Zhang
Changchun Inst. Appl. Chem., China

Tailoring cathode and morphology of discharge products toward high-rate and long-life lithium-oxygen batteries

We have designed and fabricated a series of advanced cathodes to alleviate electrolyte decomposition, tailoring the deposition site and morphology of Li2O2 within cathode to enhance the specific capacity, charge efficiency, and cycle life. Specifically, a free-standing honeycomb-like Pd-modified hollow spherical carbon deposited onto carbon paper cathode is successfully obtained, endowing a Li-O2 battery with high-rate capability and long-term stability, which could be explained by the tailored deposition and morphology of the discharge products as well as the alleviated electrolyte decomposition compared with the conventional carbon cathode. The obtained performances provide a promising example and promote the effort to design more advanced cathode architecture for Li-O2 batteries.

Xinbo Zhang joined Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC) as a professor of “Hundred Talents Program” of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2010. He received his Ph.D. degree in inorganic chemistry from CIAC and was granted the CAS Presidential Scholarship Award in 2005. Then, during 2005-2010, he worked as a JSPS and NEDO fellow at National Institute of National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan. His interests mainly focus on functional inorganic materials for energy storage and conversion with fuel cells and batteries, especially lithium-air batteries.

General Information

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Important Dates

All dates are subject to change. Please check this website for complete and current deadlines.

June 23, 2014
ECS Transactions website opens

September 30, 2014
Journal of The Electrochemical Society manuscript deadline

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